Theories of Diplomacy (205.4691) Prof. Ben D. Mor.
This course is designed as a broad introduction to perspectives and theories of diplomacy, its practice, and its evolving role in international relations. We will review a variety of theories in IR, psychology, sociology, and communications that highlight different aspects of diplomacy and seek to account for its role and operation in foreign policy, world order, crisis management, and conflict resolution. Although the emphasis of the course is on theory, in-depth analysis of prominent case studies in the history of diplomacy will serve to illustrate the various approaches and to highlight the importance of analogical thinking in the practice of diplomacy. Students should note that this course assumes prior background (at least one undergraduate course) in diplomacy and negotiation.
Research Methods (217.4002) Dr. Carmela Lutmar. For the Dual Degree only
UN Model (217.4018) - Annual course
This course is designed to familiarize students with the objectives, activities and importance of the UN in the larger framework of the international system and world order. Students simulate the UN activities while learning the principles, norms and procedures, as well as the balances of interests and power which guide its conduct. A key issue is to learn both the relevance of the UN and its potential contribution to world order as well the major constraints on its actions and the limitations to its influence in an essentially still anarchic international system. A major focus is on the key normative and policy debates which underline some of the key discussions and decisions of the UN and especially its most important organ—the Security Council, which can impose sanctions and even authorize military interventions. In this context, one issue is the debate on intervention in domestic affairs of other states for humanitarian purposes based on the so-called “responsibility to protect”—this is, the clash between what can be called “state rights” vs. “human rights.” Another key normative as well as policy debate is between the norms of territorial integrity of states vs. the right of national self-determination of ethno-national groups.
Students study the normative, conceptual and policy background of these issues and then apply them in simulations to concrete cases in different parts of the world such as the debate on the intervention in Libya and Syria and the right of self-determination of Kosovo and Ossetia and South Abhazia, the Kurds and the Palestinians and many other cases.
While the Security Council is the only international body, which can authorize the use of force, states can resort to force, according to the UN Charter, only for self-defense. But there is a debate between preemptive vs. preventive use of force. This was a key issue in the US invasion of Iraq in 2003, but potentially also in the current Iranian nuclear crisis. The course discusses the partly related issue of “regime change” and imposed democracy which were relevant in the Iraq debate but also in the Iranian issue.
Regional Conflicts: Between War and Peace (217.4003). Prof. Benny Miller (Peace and Conflict Management Program)
The course will discuss the origins of regional conflicts and the sources of regional wars. We will also address the conditions for reaching regional peace. The class will examine the sources of great-power regional involvement and its effects on regional security. The seminar will also address the implications of regional conflicts for international security. During the course we will develop a theory of regional war and peace and apply it through an examination of the sources of regional war and peace in the Middle East, South America, the Third World, the Balkans and Eastern Europe and Western Europe. We will discuss which strategies are the most helpful for advancing peace in the different regions and what are the chances of promoting peace in these regions.
Political Islam (217.4024). Prof Itzhak Weisman (Peace and Conflict Management Program)
* Will not take place in 2017-2018
The resurgence of Islam is one of the major religio-political developments in the modern Middle East. In this class we will survey and analyze various aspects of this multi-faceted phenomenon in an attempt to better understand it and more fully realize its prospects and threats. The course is divided into three parts. In the first part we discuss the foundational discourse of Islamism, from the Salafi idea of the Islamic state to Bin Laden ideology of jihad. In each part we will read from the writings of the main protagonists. The second part is devoted to prominent case studies, such as the Muslim Brothers, the Islamic revolution in Iran, the Palestinian intifada, the Saudi opposition and Islam in Europe. The last part will offer some theoretical explanations revolving around the state and civil society, social movement and networks, ideology and communication.
Theories and Issues in Intergroup Conflict: A Multidisciplinary Perspective (217.4001) Dr. Keren Sharvit (Peace and Conflict Management Program)
This course intended to lay the foundations for studying intergroup conflicts on different levels. Intergroup conflicts have been studied by scholars from different disciplines, who offer differing perspectives on similar issues. The course surveys different approaches, and also compares, contrasts and relates them to each other in an attempt to arrive at an integrative understanding of the issues at hand. To allow such comparison and integration, the course is arranged by themes that recur in the scholarly literature about conflicts rather than by scholarly discipline. Throughout the course, examples from actual cases of intergroup conflicts in various regions of the world are used.
Building consensus: basic Negotiation, Mediation and Facilitation Skills. Dr. Ran Kuttner 217.4027
The New Diplomacy: Structure, Technology And Processes (205.4692) Dr. Ehud Eiran.
The course will address the various patterns of diplomacy, including unilateral, bilateral and multilateral, summit, backchannel, and diplomacy of sticks and carrots. It will distinguish between various diplomatic styles and approaches, which are inherent in different cultural, political and ideological frameworks (i.e. "linear diplomacy" vs. "circular diplomacy, " "low-context diplomacy" vs. "high –context diplomacy").
UN Model (217.4018) - Annual course
The Arab-Israeli Conflict. Prof. Zach Levey 205.4690
Multi-Track Diplomacy: Transforming Violent Conflict. Prof. Edy Kaufman 217.4009
Paths to Peace: Conflict Management, Conflict Resolution, Peacebuilding, and Reconciliation (217.4014). Dr. Ran Kuttner (Peace and Conflict Management Program)
This core course surveys various approaches to dealing with intergroup conflicts: preventing escalation, minimizing harmful consequences, ending violence, improving intergroup relations and building stable peace. We will begin by discussing processes of conflict management, which take place during an ongoing conflict. We will then discuss various routes to conflict resolution and a formal ending of the conflict. Finally, we will address processes of reconciliation and peace building, intended to improve intergroup relations in post-conflict settings and prevent conflict recurrence. Throughout the course, students survey the works of scholars from different disciplines on each of these topics in order to become familiar with different perspectives and arrive at an integrative understanding. This course will also discuss real-world cases in which different approaches to dealing with conflict have been implemented with varying degrees of success.
Diplomatic Simulation - Workshop (205.4693). Dr. Carmela Lutmar
Conflict and Its Resolution at the Community Level 217.4021 (Dr. Harry Frey)
Community is a changing, dynamic and multifaceted concept which is gaining attention in conflict studies. Firstly, this course examines conflict in the light of 'context.' In the course, we consider unique aspects of community conflicts and the interplay with exterior macro factors. Various theories explaining the causes of local conflict involving groups and institutions are examined. Different community characteristics which exacerbate or ameliorate conflict dynamics are also examined with reference to examples from Israel, Northern Ireland and other locations. Secondly, we will look at community as 'agency.' The emergence and relevance of various models of community practice, such as development, organization, problem solving and transformation of relations, will be considered. Finally, we will consider the building of shared communities as a 'target' and mode of intervention in conflict resolution.
Practicum - For excellent students only
The purpose of the practicum is to provide the students with a first-hand experience in the practices of diplomatic processes, and thus to help them to integrate the insights and lessons drawn from this experience into a more sophisticated and analytical perspective. The diplomacy students will participate in an internship under the auspices of institutions and organizations, which address issues and predicaments that are relevant to diplomatic initiatives and processes (both unilateral, bilateral and multilateral), with emphasis on the Middle-East and the Israeli-Palestinian conflict .Depending on interview and vacancy in the internship organization. For mor information - press here.
*The summer semester in the program is usually shorter than the academic summer semester. The exact dates will be published later.
Human Rights, Ethics and Diplomacy (205.4694). Prof. Michael L. Gross
Should ethics and human rights be a central component of diplomacy in a democratic country? Or, should democratic nations simply look out for their own economic and political interests while generally neglecting ethics and human rights in other nations? To address this question, we will review two reigning paradigms: a realist tradition that emphasizes sovereignty, territory and reason of state; and a liberal tradition highlighting the important role of ethics and international law in international diplomacy. We will then consider a range of case studies that emphasize various aspects of this debate. This includes “amoral” diplomacy in places like Chile and the Shah-era Iran; “persuasive” diplomacy and its use of economic aid by organizations like USAID to encourage nations to promote and safeguard human rights and “coercive” diplomacy that sees Western nations using economic sanctions to punish human rights violators in countries like South Africa, Myanmar and China. All of these cases reflect diplomacy during peace time. In war time, we also see examples of persuasive diplomacy as nations intervene to win the hearts and minds of the local population by guaranteeing human security. Coercive diplomacy in the name of human rights occurs as nations intervene militarily to overthrow repressive regimes. Finally, we will consider the diplomatic role of just war as we consider Israel’s diplomatic difficulties following Operation Cast Lead.
Peacekeeping Operations: A New Tool for World Order? (217.4012) Dr. Chen Kertcher (Peace and Conflict Management Program)
Today, peacekeeping is the common generic term used to describe a combined international civil and military operation which aims to reduce the causes of conflict among belligerents, may they be inter- or intra-state actors, while employing a diverse spectrum of objectives in order to encourage peace. The international support for the deployment of peacekeeping operations is puzzling, especially if we take into consideration that peacekeeping operations were originally an improvisation of the United Nations during the Cold War, with limited objectives. In the past two decades there has been a continuous expansion of peacekeeping objectives, which includes enhancing democratic values, supervising government activities, demobilizing armed forces and providing humanitarian relief and economic aid.
After examining the invention of peacekeeping operations in 1956, the course will be divided into two parts. The first part examines the main issues prevalent in the discourse. Every subject will be analyzed by reviewing the questions commonly raised in academic literature. The second part examines three regions in which major multidimensional peacekeeping operations were deployed. The constant examination of the actual performance of peacekeeping operations is needed in order to understand the difficulties in tailoring the right models in order to settle conflicts.
Geopolitics of the Middle East (217.4011) Dr. Ronen Zeidel (Peace and Conflict Management Program)
What is it in the Middle East that attracts world attention? How homogeneous is the Middle East? What is the role of Arabs in the fabric of the Middle East and how important is Islam? All these questions and many more will be addressed in this class with a fresh , updated and original analysis. The class will include an attempt to define the Middle East geographically, trace its ascendance in global politics, review the importance of the region`s natural resources, analyze the role of ethnic and national groups, redefine Arab identity in the last two decades, explain the complexities of religion and state in all the states of the region, look at the processes of urbanization, internal migration and immigration and narrate the two major international conflicts of the region: The Arab-Israeli and the Persian Gulf. Finally, an extensive background to the political systems of the region and a future oriented analysis of their current state will also be part of the class. This class will take a wide angle, not focusing on one country, but on the region as a whole, often comparing the experience of several countries.